Prairie Smoke
Prairie Smoke
Prairie Smoke (Geum triflorum) is a spring blooming plant most often found in dry rock crevices or dry, rocky soils.  In our area it is found on alvars or limestone pavements.  The pinkish-red flowers are attractive but the grey-pink seed heads are
January 2, 2017

fuller


Trees and Shrubs

  • Some species are available only in certain seasons or in small quantities
  • Since we grow most from seed, sizes are usually small
  • "100-Mile" means the plant grows within a 100 mile radius of the nursery
  • We do not ship live plants.  Contact us to reserve plants or obtain a quote.

Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple)     100 Mile (bare root 4-5ft available in Apr)

Description: Tree to 35m;  usually good range of fall colours
Natural Habitat: Wide range;  Tolerates wet or seasonally flooded soils
Where to Use: Shade tree or in mixed plantings; fast growing with
extensive root system.

Aesculus glabra (Ohio Buckeye) E. North America

Description: Large tree; palmate leaves and large seeds
Natural Habitat: Mixed woodland with other hardwoods;  prefers rich, deep soils
Where to Use: Specimen tree or in mixed woodland plantings.
1 yr seedlings

Amelanchier spp (Serviceberry)     100 Mile

Amelanchier humilis

Description: Shrub/Tree to 4m;  very early white flowers; edible fruit; fall colour
Natural Habitat: Woodland edge, Meadows
Where to Use: Mixed plantings; highly ornamental; attracts birds; sun/part sun

Aronia melanocarpa (Chokeberry)  100 Mile   

Description: Shrub to 2m; White flowers in early spring followed by purple fruit
Natural Habitat: Swamps, Wetland edge, Moist/dry woods
Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Pond/stream, Moist/dry meadows, Shrub plantings
Attracts birds, Edible fruit, Excellent fall foliage colour

Betula alleghenensis (Yellow Birch) 100 Mile

Description: Tree to 25m; mature bark bronze and shredding, catkins in spring
Natural Habitat: Woodland; Somewhat shade tolerant; Rich moist soils mixed with sugar maple, beech, hemlock, basswood
Where to Use: Woodland plantings; Specimen tree

Betula papyrifera (White Birch)     100 Mile

Description: Medium tree to 25m; white peeling bark
Natural Habitat: Mixed woodlands and young forests; adaptable to a wide range of conditions
Where to Use: Specimen tree or in mixed plantings

Betula pumila v. glandulifera (Dwarf Birch)  100 Mile

Description: Shrub or small tree to 3m; small leaves with upright catkins fall/winter
Natural Habitat: Swamps, Wetland edge, Moist depressions, Fens
Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Lake edge, Moist woodland edge, Areas with constantly
moist soil

Carya ovata (Shagbark Hickory) 100 Mile (not available 2017)

Description: Tree to 25m; long-lived; edible nuts; bark in long loose strips
Natural Habitat: Mixed woodland with other hardwoods;  prefers rich, deep soils
Where to Use: Specimen tree or in mixed woodland plantings.
 
1-3 yr. seedlings available

Carya cordiformis (Bitternut Hickory) 100 Mile (few seedlings available)

Description: Tree to 25m; long-lived; bitter nuts; medium to fast growth
Natural Habitat: Mixed woodland with other hardwoods;  prefers rich, deep soils
Where to Use: Specimen tree or in mixed woodland plantings.
1-2 yr seedlings

Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey Tea) 100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 1.5m; white flowers; early summer
Natural Habitat: Average to dry sites; prairies, thickets, open clearings
Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Well drained average or dry soils; attracts butterflies
(Photo John Oyston)

Ceanothus ovatus (=C. herbaceus) (Narrow-leaf New Jersey Tea) 100 Mile

(not available 2017)
Description: Shrub less than 1m; white clusters of flowers, narrow leaves; late spring
Natural Habitat: Dry, sandy woods (pine, oak), Rocky clearings; Shorelines
Where to Use: Sun/Part shade; Rock garden, Dry woodland openings/edges,

Cephalanthus occidentalis (Buttonbush) 100 Mile (seedlings available Aug 2017)

Description: Shrub to 3m; white spheres of many flowers; summer
Natural Habitat: Moist forest edges and openings, Flood plains, Swamps
Where to Use: Sun/Part shade; Permanently moist and seasonally flooded areas,
Wetland edges; Attractive flowers and seed heads attracts butterflies and birds

Cornus alternifolia (Pagoda Tree)   100 Mile

Description: Large shrub or small tree to 5m, flat clusters of white flowers in spring followed by purple/black fruit in summer; branches grow in horizontal layers
Natural Habitat:  Part sun/Shade; Woodland edge, Understory tree in mixed woods
Where to Use:   Mixed tree plantings, Shrub borders, Specimen trees
Cornus obliqua (=C. amomum ssp obliqua) (Silky Dogwood)     100 Mile
Description: Shrub to 3m; clusters of white flowers in early summer; blue fruit, purplish twigs in winter
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; shorelines, moist meadows, fencerows
Where to Use: Shrub plantings, back of Perennial beds, Pond edge, Shoreline naturalization

Cornus sericea  = C.  stolonifera (Red Osier Dogwood)   100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 2m; clusters of white flowers in early summer; white fruit,
red twigs in winter
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; shorelines, moist meadows, fencerows 
 

Diervilla lonicera (Bush Honeysuckle) 100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 1m; yellow flowers; summer
Natural Habitat: Average to dry sites; rocky hillsides
Where to Use: Sun; Well drained average or dry soils

Juglans nigra (Black Walnut)     100 Mile 

Description:  Large tree; edible nuts in fall
Where to use:  Sun/part sun; adapts to wide range of soils and conditions;
produces a natural herbicide that inhibits plant growth underneath
1-2 year seedlings

Kalmia angustifolia (Sheep Laurel)     100 Mile 

Description:  Shrub to 70cm; bright pink flowers in summer
Natural Habitat:  Sphagnum bogs, moist coniferous woods, acidic soils
Where to use:  Bog gardens
"Kalmia angustifolia Rubra" by A. Barra - Own work. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kalmia_angustifolia_Rubra.jpg#/media/File:Kalmia_angustifolia_Rubra.jpg

Physocarpus opulifolius (Ninebark)     100 Mile and garden cultivars

Description:  Shrub to 3m; green or purple leaves; white flower clusters
in early summer
Where to use:  Sun/part sun; adapts to wide range of soils and conditions;
good foliage accent with other shrubs
Prunus americana (American Wild Plum)  Eastern N.A.
Description: Tree or multiple-stemmed shrub to 5m; White flowers in spring, red/orange fruit in late summer
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part Sun; Woodland, Woodland edge
Where to Use: Naturalized Areas, Specimen tree, Woodland; Attracts birds; Edible fruit

Prunus pensylvanica  (Pin Cherry)   100 Mile
Description: Medium tree; White flowers in spring, red, edible fruit in summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part Sun; Rocky, sandy slopes, recently disturbed areas

Prunus serotina  (Black Cherry)   100 Mile (not available 2017)
Description: Tree to 15m, White flowers in spring, black fruit in late summer
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part Sun; Woodland, Woodland edge
Where to Use: Naturalized Areas, Specimen tree, Woodland; Attracts birds
Prunus virginiana (Chokecherry)  100 Mile
Description: Tree to 15m, White flowers in spring, black fruit in late summer
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part Sun; Woodland, Woodland edge
Where to Use: Naturalized Areas, Specimen tree, Woodland; Attracts birds
Ptelea trifoliata (Hop Tree)   E. North America
Description: Small tree to 8m; clusters of papery fruits in the fall
Where to Use:   Yard trees, Woodland groupings, specimen tree; Hardy to Zone 3;
larval food for Giant Swallowtail

Quercus macrocarpa (Bur Oak)     100 Mile

Description: Medium tree to 15m; adaptable to many soils; drought tomerant when established
We grow 1-3 year old seedlings

Quercus rubra (Red Oak)     100 Mile

Description: Medium tree to 25m; Faster growing than Q. alba

We grow 1-2 year old seedlings

Rosa blanda (Smooth Wild Rose) 100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 1m; pink, single flowers followed by red fruit; early summer
Natural Habitat: Sun; Clearings, Meadows, Shorelines, Rocky slopes
Where to Use: Meadows, Rocky hillsides; Naturalized areas, Rock garden;
Upper stems have few or no prickles; Attracts wildlife

Rosa palustris (Swamp Rose)      100 Mile (not available spring 2016)

Description: H2m; clusters of single pink flowers, red fruit; summer
Natural Habitat:  Open, moist areas; Shorelines, Edges of wetlands, Ditches,
Where to Use:   Sun/Part sun; Naturalizing shorelines, Moist sites;
Shrub plantings with good moisture

Rubus odoratus (Purple-flowering Raspberry) 100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 1.5m; rose purple flowers and red fruit; summer
Natural Habitat:Part sun; Thickets, Woodland edges, Shorelines, Ravines
Where to Use: Woodland, Shade garden, Pond edge (with some shade), Informal naturalized areas - sprawls a bit too much for formal plantings; Few thorns

Salix spp. (Shrub Willows)     100 Mile

We grow a variety of native willows from seed and cuttings. 
They are useful for shoreline restoration, naturalizing in average to moist soils,
attracting wildlife and stabilizing soils.
Selection may include S. discolor, S. bebbiana, S. lucida

Sambucus canadensis (Elderberry) 100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 3m; clusters of white flowers in summer followed by purple/black fruit
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Moist meadows, Wetland edges, Swamps, Ditches
Where to Use:Pond edges, Accent shrub in perennial border, Meadow, Moist woodland edge; Attracts butterflies, birds, pollinators; Edible fruit

Sambucus pubens (Red-Berried Elder)     100 Mile

Description: Large tree to 35m; slow growing but long lived
We grow 1-3 year old seedlings

Sorbus americana (Mountain Ash) 100 Mile

Description: Medium tree to 10m; white flowers in spring, orange fruit
Natural Habitat: Woodland, sometimes moist soils, hill sides
3rd year seedlings available 2016  (Photo: Bruce Marlin)

Spiraea alba (Meadowsweet)     100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 150cm; white flowers in summer
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Moist Meadows, Wetland edges
Where to Use: Moist Prairie, Meadow, Pond edges, Ditches

Staphylea trifolia (Bladdernut)     100 Mile

Description:   Multi-stemed shrub/tree to 4m; white flowers in spring;
inflated seed pods that persist into winter
Natural Habitat:  Mixed woods; part shade; moist soils often on slopes beside streams/swamps
Viburnum acerifolium (Maple-leaved Viburnum)   100 Mile (not available 2017)
Description: Medium shrub to 2.5m, open clusters of white flowers in spring
followed by purple/black fruit in late summer
Natural Habitat:  Part shade/Shade; Woodland edge, Understory in mixed woods
Where to Use:   Mixed tree plantings, Shrub borders, Woodland garden,
Partly shaded borders
Viburnum cassinoides (Wild Raisin)   100 Mile  (seedlings available 2017)
Description: Medium shrub to 2m, open clusters of white flowers in spring
followed by pink fruit turning blue
Natural Habitat:  Wetland edge, boggy soils
Where to Use:   Wetland edges, acidic soils, constant moisture
Viburnum lentago (Nannyberry)  100 Mile
Description: Shrub or small tree to 4m; White flower cluster in spring followed
by dark blue fruit in autumn
Natural Habitat: Woodland edge, Wetland edge, Old fencerows and thickets
Where to Use: Sun/Part sun;  Woodland edge, Shrub plantings, Hedges, Specimen shrub, Back of perennial borders
Yucca filamentosa (Yucca)  EAST N.A.
Description: H120cm, W80cm; Cream; Summer
Natural Habitat: Coastal dunes, Sandy soils
Where to Use: Sun; Well-drained soils; Rock gardens, raised Perennial beds, Dry meadows; Drought resistant when established

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