Michigan Lily
Featured Plant
Lilium michiganense (Michigan Lily) is a summer blooming bulb native to northeastern North America. It prefers well drained soils and regular moisture.  In sun or part sun it produces tall stalks with beautifully recurved flowers.

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POND and WETLAND PLANTS

Sarracenia purpurea     
2014 PLANT LIST
Plants are designated using the following terms:
DEEP WATER (plants submerged);  MARGINAL (up to 30cm of water);  WET (constantly moist soil);  BOG (moist, acidic soils)

 Asclepias incarnata  Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed) 100 Mile - MARGINAL/WET

Description: H60-120cm. W60cm; fuchsia pink; summer

Natural Habitat: Full/part sun; Wet meadows, edges of streams, marshes

Where to Use: Wet meadows, Beside water gardens, Perennial border (if not too dry); Very showy in bloom; pure white cultivars available; Clumps and not invasive (may self sow on wet soil)

Combinations: Aster puniceus (Swamp Aster), Caltha palustris (Marsh Marigold), Eupatorium (Joe-Pye Weed, Boneset), Carex (Sedges), Scirpus (Bulrush), Gentiana andrewsii (Bottle Gentian), Lobelia (Cardinal Flower), Chelone (Turtlehead)
 Aster puniceus  Aster puniceus   =Symphiotrichum puniceum (Swamp Aster) 100 Mile  WET

Description: H90-180cm, W50cm; lavender; late summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade; Moist soils near streams, wetlands, Moist meadows

Where to Use: Moist Meadows, Wetland edges; Grows well with other tall plants

Combinations: Chelone (Turtlehead), Lobelia (Cardinal Flower), Eupatorium (Joe-pye Weed, Boneset), Carex (Sedges), Scirpus (Bulrush), Asclepia incarnata (Swamp Milkweed), Verbena hastata (Blue Vervain)
 Betula pumilum  

Betula pumila v. glandulifera (Dwarf Birch)  100 Mile  WET

Description: Shrub or small tree to 3m; small green leaves with upright catkins fall/winter

Natural Habitat: Swamps, Wetland edge, Moist depressions, Fens

Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Lake edge, Moist woodland edge, Areas with constantly moist soil

Combinations:  Salix (Willows), Ilex verticillata , (Winterberry), Larix laricina (Tamarack),
Acer rubrum (Red Maple), Sedges
 Caltha palustris  Caltha palustris (Marsh Marigold) 100 Mile   MARGINAL/WET

Description: H60cm. W30cm; yellow; spring

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade, Wet meadows, Wet woods, Spring-flooded areas

Where to Use: Moist meadows, Pond garden, Beside streams, Perennial border if given plenty of moisture

Combinations: Calla palustris (Water Arum), Osmunda (Royal, Cinnamon Ferns), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Sagittaria (Arrowhead), Carex (Sedges)

   Carex  species (Sedges)  MARGINAL/WET
 Carex comosa  Carex comosa (Bristly Sedge)  100 Mile      MARGINAL/WET   

Description: H40-80cm, W70cm; bright green leaves, large seed heads like a bottlebrush

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade; Wetland edges, Wide range of soils

Where to Use: Moist soils, Wetland edge, Erosion control; Attracts wildlife

Combinations: Lobelia (Cardinal Flower), Eupatorium (Boneset, Joe-pye Weed), Caltha (Marsh Marigold), Aster puniceus (Swamp Aster), Chelone (Turtlehead), Vernonia (Ironweed), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Mimulus (Monkey Flower)
 Carex grayi  

Carex grayi (Gray's Sedge)  100 Mile      WET

Description: H40-80cm, W70cm; bright green leaves, round spikey seed heads like a mace

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade; Wetland edges, Wide range of soils

Where to Use: Moist soils, Wetland edge, Erosion control; Attracts wildlife

Combinations: Lobelia (Cardinal Flower), Eupatorium (Boneset, Joe-pye Weed), Caltha (Marsh Marigold), Aster puniceus (Swamp Aster), Chelone (Turtlehead), Ferns, Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Mimulus (Monkey Flower)

 Carex gynadra  Carex gynandra (Nodding Sedge)  100 Mile     MARGINAL/WET

Description: H90-120cm, W90cm; stalks of green drooping seed heads in summer turning tan by autumn

Natural Habitat:   Part sun/Shade; Wetland edges, shorelines, ponds, streams

Where to Use:  Pond edge, Moist soils with shade, Border with constant moisture

Combinations: Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed), Mimulus (Monkey Flower), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Eupatorium (Joe-pye Weed, Boneset), Other Sedges, Aster puniceus (Swamp Aster)
 Carex lupulina  

Carex lupulina (Hop Sedge)  100 Mile      MARGINAL/WET

Description: H60-90cm, W70cm; bright green leaves, upright, spikey seed heads

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade; Wetland edges, Wide range of moist soils

Where to Use: Moist soils, Wetland edge, Shaded moist areas, woods

Combinations: Caltha (Marsh Marigold), Aster puniceus (Swamp Aster), Chelone (Turtlehead), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Mimulus (Monkey Flower), Viola (wetland species) 


 Carex lurida  Carex lurida (Shallow Sedge)     100 Mile     MARGINAL/WET

Description:  H80cm; spiky seed heads; summer

Natural Habitat: Part sun; moist soils; lake shores; swamps

Where to Use: Pond gardens, waterfront naturalizing, moist soils
 Carex muskingumensis  Carex muskingumensis (Palm Sedge) 100 Mile     WET

Description: H50-60cm, W70cm; bright green whorled leaves, small cone-like seed cluster

Natural Habitat: Sun/Shade; Stream edges, Flood plains

Where to Use: Moist soils as background or foliage contrast; Feathery leaves create a soft texture; Spreads moderately as a filler

Combinations: Lobelia (Cardinal Flower), Eupatorium (Boneset, Joe-pye Weed), Caltha (Marsh Marigold), Aster puniceus (Swamp Aster), Thalictrum pubescens (Tall Meadow Rue), Vernonia (Ironweed), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Mimulus (Monkey Flower)

 Carex vulpinoidea  Carex vulpinoidea (Fox Sedge)     100 Mile     WET

Description: H60cm; greenish yellow spikes in summer and fall

Natural Habitat: Sun; moist meadows

Where to Use: Pond garden, naturalizing in moist areas, shorelines

Combinations: Asters, Eupatorium. other Sedges and Grasses, Cornus stonlonifera
 Cephalanthus occidentalis  Cephalanthus occidentalis (Buttonbush) 100 Mile   MARGINAL/WET  

Description: Shrub to 3m; white spheres of many flowers; summer

Natural Habitat: Moist forest edges and openings, Flood plains, Swamps

Where to Use: Sun/Part shade; Permanently moist and seasonally flooded areas, Wetland edges; Attractive flowers and seed heads attracts butterflies and birds

Combinations: Cornus (Dogwood), Salix (Willow), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Typha (Cattail)
 Chelone glabra  Chelone glabra (Turtlehead) 100 Mile     WET

Description: H90cm, W60cm; pinkish white; late summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Moist meadows, Stream and Marsh edges, Moist woods, Shorelines

Where to Use: Moist meadows, Shorelines, Pond gardens, Perennial border (with moisture); Provides good late season flowers; Good nectar plant;

Combinations: Asters, Solidago (Goldenrod), Eupatorium (Boneset, Joe-pye Weed), Lobelia siphlitica (Great Blue Lobelia), Carex (Sedges), Grasses, Helenium (Sneezeweed), Iris (Blue Flag)
 Eupatorium maculatum  

Eupatorium maculatum (Joe- Pye Weed) 100 Mile     WET

Description: H90-180cm, W100cm; purple/pink; late summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade; Moist meadows, Marsh and Bog edges

Where to Use: Meadows, Water garden edge, Perennial border; Excellent background perennial with late season blooms; Attracts butterflies and pollinators

Combinations: Eupatorium perfoliatum (Boneset), Solidago (Goldenrod), Rudbeckia triloba, Vernonia (Ironweed), Lilium canadense (Canada Lily), Helenium, Asters, Grasses
 Eupatorium perfoliatum  

Eupatorium perfoliatum (Boneset) 100 Mile     WET

Description: H60-120cm, W60cm; white; late summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade; Moist meadows, Marsh and Bog edges

Where to Use: Meadows, Water garden edge, Perennial border; Excellent background perennial with late season blooms; Attracts butterflies and pollinators

Combinations: Eupatorium maculatum (Joe-pye Weed), Solidago (Goldenrod), Asters, Grasses, Rudbeckia triloba, Vernonia (Ironweed), Lilium canadense (Canada Lily), Helenium
 Iris versicolor  Iris versicolor (Blue Flag) 100 Mile   MARGINAL/WET

Description: H90-120cm, W70cm; blue violet; late spring

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Wetland edges, Shoreline, Swamps, Moist Meadows

Where to Use: Wetland, Moist meadow, Pond garden; Forms clumps

Combinations: Juncus effusus (Soft Rush), Carex (Sedge), Ponterdaria (Pickeral Weed), Asclepius incarnata (Swamp Milkweed), Caltha palustris (Marsh Marigold), Vernonia (Ironweed), Sagittaria (Arrowhead), Mimulus ringens (Monkey-flower)

 Juncus effusus  Juncus effusus (Soft Rush)      100 Mile      MARGINAL/WET

Description: H100cm, W40cm; bright green tubular stems, flower structures part way up stems; summer

Natural Habitat:  Sun/Part Sun;  Water edges, constantly moist soils, Shallow water

Where to Use:  Wetland, Pond garden, Moist soils with some shade

Combinations:  Carex (Sedges), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed), Pontederia (Prickeral Weed)
 Juncus torreyi  Juncus torreyi (Torrey's Rush)     100 Mile     WET

Description: H60cm, spreading clumps; brown seed heads; summer/fall

Natural Habitat: Sun; Moist meadows, ditches, Shoreline

Where to Use:  Moist meadows, naturalizing shorelines, Pond edge (in containers - it can spread aggressively)

Combinations: Carex (Sedges), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed), Eupatorium, Rushes (Scirpus spp.)
 Lobelia cardinalis  Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal Flower) 100 Mile     WET

Description: H60-120cm, W30cm; bright red; late summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Light shade; Moist meadows, Stream and River banks

Where to Use: Moist meadow, Bog garden, Pond garden edge, Perennial border; Attracts Hummingbirds

Combinations: Helenium (Sneezeweed), Chelone (Turtlehead), Mimulus ringens (Monkey-flower), Carex (Sedge), Vernonia (Ironweed), Eupatorium (Boneset, Joe-pye Weed), Rudbeckia, Ferns (in shade)

 Mimulus ringens  Mimulus ringens (Monkey Flower)   100 Mile     WET
Descrip
tion: H90cm, W30cm; violet; summer

Natural Habitat:  Sun/Part Sun; Moist edges of streams and wetlands, Moist meadows

Where to Use:   Pool edges, Moist meadows

Combinations: Carex (Sedges), Eupatorium (Joe-pye Weed, Boneset), Gentiana andrewsii (Bottle Gentian)
 Pontedaria cordata  Pontedaria cordata (Pickerel Plant)     100 Mile     MARGINAL

Description: H60cm; purple spikes in summer

Natural Habitat:  Sun;  Shallow water (30-60cm); spreads by rhizomes to create patches

Where to Use:   Marginal pond plant; Water containers

Combinations: Arrowhead (Sagittaria), Water willow (Decodon verticillata), Schoenoplectus spp. (Bulrushes), Juncus spp. (Rushes), Sparganium (Bur-reed)
 Potentilla palustris  Potentilla palustris (Swamp Cinquefoil)   100 Mile     MARGINAL
Description: H60cm, W60cm; purplish flowers on a sprawling plant in early summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part Sun; Wetland, Boggy marshes, Ditches

Where to Use: Naturalized Areas wet areas, Pond/Bog garden

Combinations:  Sedges, Willows (Salix), Bog Birch (Betula pumila), Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata), Ilex verticillata (Winterberry), Sarracenia (Pitcher Plant)
   Rosa palustris (Swamp Rose)      100 Mile     WET

Description: H2m; clusters of single pink flowers, red fruit; summer

Natural Habitat:  Open, moist areas; Shorelines, Edges of wetlands, Ditches, swamps

Where to Use:   Sun/Part sun; Naturalizing shorelines, Moist sites; Shrub plantings with good moisture

Combinations: Buttonbush (Cephelanthes), Winterberry (Ilex verticillata), Blue flag (Iris versicolor), Sedges/Rushes (Carex/Juncus)
   Sagittaria latifolia (Arrowhead) 100 Mile     MARGINAL

Description: H50-80cm, W - spreading clumps; white; summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Streams and shallow water in marshes and lakes

Where to Use: Submerged in pond garden, Wetland

Combinations: Bur reed (Sparganium spp.), Water Plantain, Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Cattail (Typha), Pickeral Weed (Pontedaria)



 Sambucus canadensis  Sambucus canadensis (Elderberry) 100 Mile      WET

Description: Shrub to 3m; clusters of white flowers in summer followed by purple/black fruit

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Moist meadows, Wetland edges, Swamps, Ditches

Where to Use:Pond edges, Accent shrub in perennial border, Meadow, Moist woodland edge; Attracts butterflies, birds, pollinators; Edible fruit

Combinations: Eupatorium (Boneset, Joe-pye Weed), Thalictrum pubescens (Tall Meadow Rue), Vernonia (Ironweed), Carex (Sedges ? tall), Aster umbellatus (Flat-topped Aster), Clematis virginiana (Virgin's Bower)


 Sanguisorba canadensis  Sanguisorbia canadensis (Canada Burnet)     East N.A.     WET

Description: H150cm, W60cm; tall white spikes; summer

Natural Habitat:  Sun; moist meadows, bogs, wetlands

Where to Use:   Moist soils, Pond edged, Naturalized shorelines


 Sarracenia purpurea  

Sarracenia purpurea (Pitcher Plant) 100 Mile      BOG

Description: H30-60cm, W30; red/yellow flowers over pitchers (leaves) green with red veining; summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Bogs; Acidic soil

Where to Use: Bog garden. Containers

Combinations: Sphagnum Moss, Potentilla fruticosa, Kalmia (Sheep Laurel), Eriophorum (Cotton Grass), Cranberry (Vaccinium), Bog orchids
 Schoenoplectus acutus  

Schoenoplectus acutus (Hardstem Rush)     100 Mile      DEEP WATER/MARGINAL


Description: H2m; tall, stiff, dark green stems;  drooping spikelets of cinnamon brown; summer

Natural Habitat:  Sun;  Marshes and shorelines; Forms colonies by underground rhizomes

Where to Use:   Naturalized shorelines, Ponds

 Scirpus cyperinus  Scirpus cyperinus  (Wool Rush)   100 Mile     MARGINAL/WET

Description:  H120cm, W60cm; Grass-like stalks and leaves with a loose nodding head of fuzzy cinnamon seeds

Natural Habitat:  Sun/Part Sun; Wet to moist Meadows and Wetland edges

Where to Use:   Pond edges, Moist Meadows or naturalized areas; Erosion control - seed heads remain ornamental into the winter

Combinations: Carex (Sedges), Verbena hastata (Blue Vervain), Salix (Willows), Eupatorium (Joe-pye Weed, Boneset)
   Scirpus pendulus (Rufous Bulrush)     100 Mile      WET

Description: H80cm; drooping spikelets of cinnamon brown above grassy foliage; summer

Natural Habitat:  Sun;  Moist meadows, Ditches, Stream banks, Wetlands

Where to Use:   Moist meadows, Naturalized shorelines, Pond edges

Combinations: Monkey Flower (Mimulus), Blue Flag (Iris versicolor), Other Bulrush (Scirpus), Rushes (Juncus), Sedges (Carex)
 Typha latifolia  Typha latifolia (Cattail)     100 Mile     DEEP WATER

Description: 2-3m; wide, tall leaves, dark brown seed head; summer

Natural Habitat:  Sun;  Marshes, Wetlands

Where to Use:    Naturalized shorelines; can spread aggressively and form large patches; not suited for pond gardens - may be grown in large containers


   Verbena hastata (Blue Vervain) 100 Mile      WET

Description: H60-120cm, W50cm; purple/violet spikes; late summer and fall

Natural Habitat: Full sun, average to poor soils, Moist meadows, Stream banks, Wetland edges

Where to Use: Meadows, Moist Prairie, Pond or water gardens, Naturalized area with some moisture; A bit coarse for formal perennial beds but excellent late summer colour contrast

Combinations: Grasses, Sedges, Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed), Bidens cernua (Bur Marigold), Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis), Goldenrod (Solidago spp.), Eupatorium (Joe-pye Weed, Boneset), Cardinal Flower (Lobelia)
   


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