Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple)     100 Mile

Description:  Tree to 30m+; very fast growing but long lived; usually yellow fall colour

Natural Habitat: Prefers moist soils and will tolerate seasonal flooding

Where to Use:  Naturalizing in moist areas; good shade tree but can be messy with wind and ice damage; roots can spread aggressively so avoid areas with drains

Prune young trees carefully to avoid split trunks when older.


Amsonia jonesii (Jones' Bluestar) Colorado/Utah


Description: H30cm. This species is native to dry, sandy soils of the American southwest, but is hardy to Zone 5. Light blue flowers appear in spring.

Where to Use: Sun; Grow in the Rock Garden or Troughs with very well-drained soil. The plant may be slow to start, but it eventually becomes a semi-shrubby plant with good fall colour. Hardy to Zone 4

(Photo credit: Steve Law)


Anaphalis margaritacea (Pearly Everlasting) 100 Mile


Anaphalis margaritaceaDescription: H60cm, W30cm; white papery clusters with yellow centres; late summer

Natural Habitat: Full sun, average to poor soils, Meadows, Dry/open clearings

Where to Use: Meadow, Prairie, Rock garden, Under shrubs; Attracts butterflies; Gray-green foliage forms good contrast; Flowers dry well

Combinations: Grasses, Asclepius (Butterfly Weed), Monarda fistulosa (Wild bergamot), Gaillardia (Blanket Flower), Echinacea (Pink Coneflower), Agastachei (Anise Hyssop) 

Betula pumila v. glandulifera (Dwarf Birch)  100 Mile

Betula pumilumDescription: Shrub or small tree to 3m; small green leaves with upright catkins fall/winter

Natural Habitat: Swamps, Wetland edge, Moist depressions, Fens

Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Lake edge, Moist woodland edge, Areas with constantly moist soil

Combinations:  Salix (Willows), Ilex verticillata , (Winterberry), Larix laricina (Tamarack),
Acer rubrum (Red Maple), Sedges


Asclepias incarnata 'White' (White Swamp Milkweed)  100 Mile


Asclepias incarnataDescription: Same as above but with white flowers





Aquilegia flabellata (Fan Columbine) East Asia


Description: H40cm, W30cm; Blue and white wit blue-green foliage; late spring

Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Rock garden or perennial border; Hardy to Zone 4


Aster macrophyllusAster macrophyllus  =Eurybia macrophylla (Big-leaved Aster)     100 Mile Description: H15-60cm, W25cm; pink/white flowers in late summer, fuzzy heart-shaped leaves form a ground cover all season

Natural Habitat:  Part shade/Shade in Woodland or Woodland edge

Where to Use:   Woodland, Under trees


Aster puniceusAster puniceus   =Symphiotrichum puniceum (Swamp Aster) 100 Mile      

Description: H90-180cm, W50cm; lavender; late summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade; Moist soils near streams, wetlands, Moist meadows

Where to Use: Moist Meadows, Wetland edges; Grows well with other tall plants


Astragalus canadensis (Canada Milk Vetch)    100 Mile

Astragalus canadensisDescription: H90cm, W90cm; cream flowers in summer

Natural Habitat: Sun; Moist to dry Prairies

Where to Use: Perennial border, Prairie, Meadow, Background for lower plants

Combinations: Grasses, Rudbeckia, Echinacea, Thermopsis (Carolina Bush Pea), Monarda (Wild Bergamot), Penstemon digitalis (Foxglove Penstemon), Baptisia (False Indigo)



Calla palustris (Water Arum) 100 Mile


Description: Calla palustrisH30cm, W40cm; white; early summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Bogs, Swamps, Seasonally flooded areas

Where to Use: Wetlands, Pond gardens; Spreads by rhizomes

Combinations:Sagittaria (Arrowhead), Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Juncus (Rush), Typha (Cattail), Sparganium (Bur-reed)


Calylophus hartwegii ssp. fendleri (Hartweg's Sundrops)     Western N.A.


Description: Trailing semi-shrub with small leaves and large yellow blossoms that open in the sun; flowers fade to orange; early summer with repeat blooms if moisture is steady
Where to Use: Rock gardens with well drained soil and some winter protection


Carex sparganioides (Bur-reed Sedge) 100 Mile

Carex sparganioidesDescription: H90cm, W60cm; Clump of thin grass-like leaves with spikes of seeds turning golden yellow in late summer

Natural Habitat: Part shade; Moist woods, clearings

Where to Use: Woodland, Shade garden, Water edge

Combinations: Other woodland sedges, Arisaema (Jack-in-the-pulpit), Solidago flexicaulis (Zigzag Goldenrod), Lobelia (Cardinal Flower), Viola (Violets), Ferns, Menispermum (Moonseed Vine)


Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf) 100 Mile


Chamaedaphne calyculataDescription: Shrub to 1m; spike of small white bells; spring

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Bogs and Shorelines; Wet, acidic soil

Where to Use: Bog gardens, Wetlands, Wet shorelines, Mass plantings in wet areas

Combinations: Vaccinium (Blueberries, Cranberries), Larix (Tamarack), Sarracenia (Pitcher Plant), Viburnum cassinoides (Wild Raisin), Solidago uliginosa (Bog Goldenrod), Ledum (Labrador Tea), Kalmia (Sheep Laurel), Eriophorum (Cotton Grass)   *not available 2012


Ceanothus ovatus (=C. herbaceus) (Narrow-leaf New Jersey Tea) 100 Mile

Description: Shrub less than 1m; white clusters of flowers, narrow leaves; late spring

Natural Habitat: Dry, sandy woods (pine, oak), Rocky clearings

Where to Use: Sun/Part shade; Rock garden, Dry woodland openings/edges,

* Sold out 2012

Coreopsis grandiflora (Big-flowered Tickseed) EAST N.A.


Coreopsis grandifloraDescription: H30-40cm, W40cm, yellow, summer

Natural Habitat: Clearings, Meadows

Where to Use: Sun, average soils, Short grass Meadows, Containers, Perennial Bordern Naturalizing

Combinations: Grasses (Schizachyrium, Boutelloua), Rudbeckia, Asters, Heuchera, Gaillardia, Columbine, Penstemons

Cornus canadensisCornus canadensis (Bunchberry)     100 Mile (not available 2013)


Description: H15cm, W30cm clumps/mats, white flowers followed by red fruit


Natural Habitat:  Part sun/Shade; Cool woods in moist acidic soils

Where to Use:   Ground cover for woodland areas


Corydalis sempervirens (Pale corydalis) 100 Mile


Corydalis sempervirensDescription: Annual or Biennial; H20-50cm, W30-60cm; pink and yellow flowers over blue-grey foliage


Natural Habitat: Part sun/Sun; Rocky outcrops and crevices; Poor dry solis

Where to Use: Rocky, dry areas; Naturalized dry areas; Self-sows freely so may be too aggressive in a formal rock garden

Combinations: Sumac (Rhus spp.), Aralia hispida, Potentilla spp., Hairy Penstemon (Penstemon hirsutus), Bearberry, Juniper, Helenium divaricatus (Woodland Sunflower)

Dalea purpurea (Purple Prairie Clover) 100 Mile


DescriptiDalea purpureaon: H60-90cm, W40cm; purple clusters; summer

Natural Habitat: Sun; Prairie, Clearings; Range of soils

Where to Use: Meadow, Prairie, Informal Perennial bed, Rock Garden

Combinations: Grasses, Pycnanthemum (Virginia Mountain Mint), Allium cernuum (Nodding Onion), Rudbeckia, Asclepius tuberosa (Butterfly Weed), Aster ericoides (Heath Aster)

Dicentra eximia/formosa (Wild Bleeding Heart) West and East N.A.


Description: H40cm, W 40cm; red/pink flowers over a long period spring to summer

Natural Habitat: Part sun; Open woods; Soils with high organic content

Where to Use: Woodland and shade gardens

Combinations: Ferns, Phlox divaricata (Woodland Phlox), Tiarella (Foam Flower), Uvularia (Bellwort), Trillium, Thalictrum dioicum (Early Meadow Rue), Hepatica, Claytonia (Spring Beauty), Actaea (Baneberries), Viola (Violets), Sanguinaria (Bloodroot)

(Photo credit: Kurt Stueber)

Digitalis grandiflora 'Dropmore Yellow' (Yellow Foxglove)     Europe

Description: H50-70cm; yellow spikes, spring

Natural Habitat: Part shade


Eriogonum umbellatus v.majus (Sulphur flowered Buckwheat)  Rockies


Description: H15cm; cream/white; summer

Where to Use: Sun; Alpine or rock garden or Trough garden in well drained soil; Hardy to Zone 3 (Image: Matt Lavin)


Geranium viscosissimum (Sticky Purple Geranium)     Western N.A.

Description: H70cm, W50cm; red and yellow; summer and fall

Natural Habitat: Sun; dry average soils

Where to Use: Sun; Short grass Meadow; Perennial border, Prairie; drought tolerant once established


Geum triflorum (Prairie Smoke)  100 Mile

Description: H25cm; W20cm; pink flowers followed by pinkish seed heads; spring


Natural Habitat:  Dry, sandy clearings, Prairie

Where to Use:  Rock Garden, Prairie, Dry meadows

Combinations:  Short grasses (Bouteloua curtipendula), Ratibida pinnata (Gray-headed Coneflower), Rudbeckia, Aster ptarmicoides (Upland White Aster)

Hedysarum boreale (Boreal Sweet Vetch)     Western N.A.

Description: H30cm, W30+cm; pink, summer

Where to Use:  Full sun; well drained soils; Rock garden, Prairie garden or Perennial border; resents being moved or disturbed; Hardy to Zone 3
(Photo credit:  Matt Lavin)

Iris bucharica (Corn-leaf Iris)     Asia

Description: H40-60cm; yellow; spring

Where to Use: Sun; Well drained soils; Spring bulb that multiplies easily; Foliage dies back in summer
(Photo credit:  Jerry Friedman)


Juncus torreyi (Torrey's Rush)     100 Mile

Description: H60cm, spreading clumps; brown seed heads; summer/fall

Natural Habitat: Sun; Moist meadows, ditches, Shoreline

Where to Use:  Moist meadows, naturalizing shorelines, Pond edge (in containers - it can spread aggressively)

Ledum groenlandicum (Labrador Tea) 100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 1m; white flower clusters, thick leaves with woolly undersides; late spring

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part shade; Sphagnum bogs, Wet woods, Swamps

Combinations: Vaccinium (Blueberries, Cranberries), Larix (Tamarack), Sarracenia (Pitcher Plant), Viburnum cassinoides (Wild Raisin), Solidago uliginosa (Bog Goldenrod), Kalmia angustifolia (Sheep Laurel), Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf), Eriophorum (Cotton Grass)

Lewisia tweedyi (Tweedy's Lewisia)     Western N.A

Description:  H15cm; pink/peach blossoms in spring
Natural Habitat:  Scree slopes; part sun; well-drained soils with dry winters protected by snow cover
Where to use:  Rock garden or trough; part sun; needs excellent drainage - try coarse sand/gravel around the crown and plant on a bit of a slope for drainage - may be short-lived but grows easily from seed

Liatris pycnostachya  (Prairie Blazing Star) EAST N.A.

Description: H90-120cm, W60cm; tall purple or white spikes; summer

Natural Habitat: Sun; Moist Prairie, Clearings

Where to Use: Moist meadows, Prairie, Perennial border; Attracts butterflies and birds


Liatris punctata (Dotted Blazing Star) EAST N.A.

Description: H40cm, W30cm; pink/purple spikes; summer

Natural Habitat: Sun; Dry Prairie; Sandy soils

Where to Use: Prairie, Meadow, Perennial border; Drought tolerant; Attracts butterflies and birds

Combinations: Antennaria (Pussy-toes), Astragulus (Milkvetch), Coreopsis, Dalea purpurea (Purple Prairie Clover), Echinacea pallida(Pale Coneflower), Gaillardia (Blanket Flower)

Lindera benzoin  (Spicebush)     100 Mile

Description: Shrub to 3m; spring blooms (small), red fruit on female plants

Natural Habitat:  Part sun; Understorey shrub in deciduous woods; Moist, protected sites

Where to Use:  Shrub plantings, Woodland gardens

(Photo credit:  Cody Hough)

Medeola virginiana  (Cucumber Root)   100 Mile

Description: H40 cm, W15cm; hanging yellowish flower in spring followed by purplish berries in red bracts in autumn; leaves in whorls

Natural Habitat:  Part Shade/Shade; Woodland soils, Mixed woods

Where to Use:   Woodland Garden, Shade Garden - Lily family

Combinations:  Claytonia (Spring Beauty), Trillium, Viola (Violets), Tiarella (Foam Flower),  Erythronium (Trout Lily), Asarum (Wild Ginger), Aquilegia (Columbine), Ferns           *not available 2012  

Mitella breweri (Brewer's Mitrewort)    West Coast

Description: H30cm; greenish yellow spikes over low foliage; early summer

Where to Use:  Part shade/Shade; Woodland or shade garden; Ground cover with bright green leaves; Moist, organic soils; Hardy to Zone 5

Nemopanthus mucronata (Mountain Holly) 100 Mile

Description: Shrub/tree to 3m; small greenish flowers in spring, crimson fruit in late summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Moist woods, Bog and swamp edges; Acidic soils

Where to Use: Bog garden, Wetland edge, Lake shore; Tolerates some shade and seasonal flooding


Mertensia virginica (Virginia Bluebells) 100 Mile







Penstemon confertus (Yellow Penstemon) Western N.A.





Penstemon confertusDescription: H30-50cm. Spikes of whorled, pale yellow flowers. Native to the southern Canadian Rockies and growing in low to subalpine meadows. Forms a mat or clump. Hardy to Zone 4. Blooms late spring to early summer

Where to Use: Sun/Part shade. Good to average soil, but well-drained. Meadow, Rock garden, Perennial border













Phegopteris connectilis (Narrow Beech Fern) 100 Mile

Description: H20-30cm, W50cm; Bright green fern

Natural Habitat: Shade; Moist, acidic forest soils

Where to Use: Woodland; Full shade with moisture; Groundcover

Combinations: Sanguinaria (Bloodroot), Tiarella (Foam Flower), Other Ferns, Podophyllum (Mayapple), Arisaema (Jack-in-the-pulpit)





Phlox subulata (Moss Phlox)   100 Mile and Garden cultivars


Description: H15cm, spreading mats; Pink/blue/white; spring


Natural Habitat:  Sun; Rocky slopes, sandy soils

Where to Use:   Rock garden, Shoreline slopes, Alternative lawns, Perennial borders

Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas Fern) 100 Mile

Description: H30cm, W60cm; dPolystichum acrostichoidesark green, evergreen fern with long, thin fronds

Natural Habitat: Part shade/Shade; Well drained woods and rocky slopes

Where to Use: Woodland, Shade garden





Potentilla fruticosa  (Shrubby Cinquefoil)   100 Mile
Potentilla fruticosa
H90cm, W40-60cm; Yellow flowers in clusters; Summer

Natural Habitat:  Sun; Wet to dry soils, Rocky soils, Lakeshores, Marshes, Meadows

Where to Use: Extremely adaptable - Naturalized Areas, Meadows, Rock Garden, Shrub plantings, Perennial beds


Potentilla gracilis  (Slender Cinquefoil)   100 Mile

Potentilla gracilisDescription: H30cm, W30cm; bright yellow flowers in summer


Natural Habitat: Sun/Part Sun; Dry fields, Meadows, Woodland Clearings

Where to Use: Naturalized Areas, Meadows, Rock Garden, Prairie

Combinations: Grasses, Rudbeckia (Coneflowers), Echinacea, Asters



Saruma henryi (Chinese Wild Ginger)     Asia



Saruma henryiDescription: H60-70cm. Pastel yellow flowers accompanied by felted gray/green foliage somewhat reminiscent of our native Wild Ginger but with a bushy form. Shoots have an attractive purplish tinge as they emerge in the spring. Plants bloom mostly in the spring but continue throughout the summer. Native to China. Hardy to Zone 4.

Where to Use: Excellent Woodland or Shade garden plant. Spreads slowly to fill in a mixed planting. Contrasts pleasingly with ferns and other shade plants





Silphium integrifolium (Rosinweed)  East N.A.


Description: H2m; yellow; summer


Natural Habitat:  Sun; Prairie, Fields, Clearings in woods

Where to Use:  Meadow or Prairie garden with tall grasses or perennials; back of Perennial border


Where to Use:  Massed in Woodland or Shade gardens



Streptopus roseusStreptopus roseus (Rose Twisted Stalk)        100 Mile


Description: H50cm, W40cm; Pink bells in spring, Red fruit in summer


Natural Habitat: Shade/Part shade; Moist woodland, Shaded floodplains

Where to Use: Shade gardens, Woodland gardens


Penstemon hallii (Hall's Penstemon)  Western N.A.



Description: H20cm, W spreading mat; Broad pinkish/purple tubes with white on lips;  Summer


Natural Habitat: Sun; Well-drained and rocky screes at high altitudes in western mountains.

Where to Use: Rock garden




Penstemon venustus (Lovely Beardtongue) Western N.A.


Penstemon venustusDescription: H40-50cm. Violet purple flowers. Native to dry slopes of the western mountains. Hardy to Zone 4/5. Blooms in summer

Where to Use: Full sun with excellent drainage (especially in winter). Rock garden, Hillside






Primula bulleyana (Candelabra Primrose)



Description: H30-50cm. Candelabra of orange/yellow flowers in late spring over a rosette of crinkled leaves. Hardy to Zone 4 (protected spot recommended)

Where to Use: Part sun/Part shade. Prefers average to acidic soils with constant moisture (but well-drained). Add compost/organic matter to the soil. Pond edge, Shade garden, Containers.




Primula japonica (Japanese Primrose)

Description: H30-50cm. Primula japonicaCandelabra of pink/red flowers in spring over a rosette of crinkled leaves. Hardy to Zone 4 (protected spot recommended)

Where to Use: Part sun/Part shade. Prefers average to acidic soils with constant moisture (but well-drained). Add compost/organic matter to the soil. Pond edge, Shade garden, Containers.





Primula mistassinica (Mistassini Primrose)   Eastern Canada




Description:  H25cm, W10cm; pink with yellow eye, growing form a rosette of leaves; spring

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part Sun; rocky ledges and cliffs, shorelines on gravelly limestone rock crevices

Where to Use: Rock garden, Gravelly waterside slope

Combinations: Other Rock Garden plants and Alpines

Salvia apiana  (White Sage)     Southwest USA


Description: H

Where to Use:


Prunus nigra



PhyPhysostegia virginianasostegia virginiana (Obedience Plant) 100 Mile (not available 2013)

Description: H70cm, W40cm; pinky purple or white; summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Meadows; Average soils

Where to Use: Perennial border, Meadow, Prairie; Spreads more in moist rich soils; Prefers moist soils




 Sauromatum venosum (=Typhonium venosum) (Voodoo Lily)


Description: H80cm. Not really a lily, but in the Arum family (along with our native Jack-in-the-pulpit). A bizarre purple hood with yellow flecks shrouding a long brown spadix. The flowering structure is followed by a large (70cm) umbrella leaf with snakeskin markings on the stalk. The flowers produce a rotting odour for a few days to attract pollinators. The main tuber will produce offsets for additional plants.




Solidago flexicaulis (Zigzag Goldenrod) 100 Mile



Description: H90, W90; ySolidago flexicaulisellow; autumn

Natural Habitat: Part sun/Shade; Woodland

Where to Use: Woodland, Shade garden; Under shrubs/trees, Woodland edge; Moderate spreader

Combinations: Caulophyllum thalictroides (Blue Cohosh), Smilacena (False Solomon Seal), Podophyllum peltatum (Mayapple), Viburnum acerifolium (Maple-leaved Viburnum), Carex (Sedges, Aster cordifolius (Heart-leaved Aster), Aster macrophylla (Large-leaved Aster) 



Solidago nemoralis (Gray Goldenrod)   100  Mile

Description: H40cm, W30cm; Yellow spikes; Late summer and fall

Natural Habitat: Sun; Dry fields and rocky areas, Upland wood edges

Where to Use: Rock gardens, naturalized areas, Meadows, Poor to average soils

Combinations: Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa), Short grasses, Potentilla arguta, Aster oolentagiense (Azure Aster)


Solidago odora (Sweet Goldenrod) EAST N.A.

Solidage odoraDescription: H120cm, W60cm; yellow; early autumn

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Open woods and fields, Meadow

Where to Use: Meadow, Informal areas (fencerows, ditches), Perennial border; Not an aggressive spreader; Anise-scented foliage; Attracts pollinators

Combinations: Asters, Grasses, Eupatorium (Boneset, Joe-pye Weed), Veronicastrum (Culver's Root), Verbena hastata (Blue Vervain), Vernonia (Ironweed), Echinacea, Chelone (Turtlehead)




Sparganium eurycarpum (Bur Reed) 100 Mile



Sparganium eurycarpumDescription: H70-90cm, W - spreading clumps; white balls followed by green seed heads; summer

Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Streams and shallow water in marshes and lakes

Where to Use: Submerged in pond garden, Wetland; Can be aggressive so plant in containers or use for naturalizing

Combinations: Bur reed (Sparganium spp.), Water Plantain, Iris versicolor (Blue Flag), Cattail (Typha), Pickeral Weed (Pontedaria)

Viburnum cassinoides (Wild Raisin) 100 Mile
Viburnum cassinoidesDescription: Shrub or small tree to 2.5m; White flower cluster in spring followed by pink/blue fruit in autumn

Natural Habitat: Boggy Wetland, Wet meadows, Lakeshore

Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Pond/stream edge, Shrub plantings in moist areas; Attracts wildlife; Excellent fall colour (fruit and foliage)

Combinations: Sedges, Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf), Larix (Tamarack), Willows (Salix), Blueberry, Red Maple, Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens), Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)


Sorbus  (Mountain-Ash)     100 Mile

Description:  Tree to 10m; Cream flowers in spring; Orange fruit clusters in fall

Native habitat: Mixed woods, rocky soils, lakeshores;  Photo:

Spigella marilandica  (Indian Pink)   Eastern N.A. (not available 2013)

Description: H40cm, W40cm; Red and yellow blooms; Summer

Natural Habitat: Shade/Part Shade; Woodland soils with regular moisture

Where to Use:  Massed in Woodland or Shade gardens


 Sedum rupestreSedum rupestre (Rocky Stonecrop)     Europe


Description: H15cm; mats of succulent foliage; yellow flowers stalks in late spring

Where to Use: Sun; well drained, dry soils; Rock gardens; propagates easily from cuttings; clip off dead flowers to prevent self seeding; Hardy to Zone 4




Thalictrum rochebrunianumThalictrum rochebrunianum (Lavender Mist Meadow Rue)   Asia


Description: H180cm, W90cm; lacy pink and yellow clusters over delicate foliage; long period in summer

Where to Use: Part Sun; Best in moist fertile soils; Strong plants; back of Perennial border; Mass planting;  Hardy to Zone 4/5




Trautvetteria caroliniensis (Carolina Bugbane)  East and West U.S.

Description: H60cm, W40cm; white clusters of flowers similar to meadow rue;  early summer

Where to Use: Shade/Part shade; Moist, woodland soils; Shade gardens; Hardy to Zone 3/4; Photo:


Viola pallensViola macloskeyi ssp. pallens (Northern White Violet) 100 Mile


Description: H10, W15; white, spring

Natural Habitat: Part sun/Part shade; Woodland edge, Moist spaces beside streams, Rocky/sandy areas with moisture

Where to Use: Woodland, Shade garden; Pond edge; Groundcover (spreads by runners)


Viola lanceolata (Lance-leaved Violet) 100 Mile


Viola lanceolataDescription: H10cm, W15cm; White; Late spring

Natural Habitat: Sandy stream banks, Moist meadows, Flood Plains; Wet areas

Where to Use: Part sun; Tolerates more sun (with moisture) than other violets; Moist meadows, Pond edge, Bog garden; Will form a patch by runners; Sandy soils

Combinations: Sedges, Wild Strawberry, Mimulus (Monkey Flower), Blueberry (Vaccinium), Leatherleaf, Kalmia, Viburnum cassinoides (Wild Raisin), Iris versicolor, Gaultheria procumbens (Wintergreen)