Prairie Smoke
Prairie Smoke
Prairie Smoke (Geum triflorum) is a spring blooming plant most often found in dry rock crevices or dry, rocky soils.  In our area it is found on alvars or limestone pavements.  The pinkish-red flowers are attractive but the grey-pink seed heads are
January 2, 2017

fuller


2017 PLANT LIST
PERENNIALS - A
  • Some species are available only in certain seasons or in small quantities

  • "100-Mile" means the plant grows within a 100 mile radius of the nursery

  • We do not ship live plants.  Contact us to reserve plants or obtain a quote.
 

Acorus americanus (Sweet Flag) 100 Mile

Description: Sword-like leaves over 1m; many small flowers on a spadix
Natural Habitat: Wetland edge; spreads by rhizome; moist soils; Sun; Fragrant leaves

 

   Actaea rubra (Red Baneberry)    100 Mile
Description: H60cm, W60cm; white flowers in spring followed by bright red berries in summer
Natural Habitat: Part/full shade in woodland soils
Where to Use: Woodland soils, Shade garden, Border with shade
 

Actaea pachypoda (Doll's Eyes)     100 Mile

Description: H60cm, W60cm; white flowers in spring followed by white berries with black dots ("eyes") in late summer
Natural Habitat: Part/full shade in woodland soils
Where to Use: Woodland soils, Shade garden, Border with shade
 

Agastache foeniculum (Anise Hyssop) 100 Mile

Description: H90cm, W60cm; blue/lavender spikes; late summer
Natural Habitat: Full/part sun; Dry woodland edges, Prairie
Where to Use: Prairie, Meadow, Perennial Border; Drought tolerant; Attracts butterflies/hummingbirds; Licorice-flavoured leaves;  allow to self seed

Allium cernuum (Nodding Onion) 100 Mile

Description: H30-40cm W30cm (clumps); pink nodding umbels; summer
Natural Habitat: Full sun, well-drained rocky areas with average soils; Prairie
Where to Use: Rock garden, Prairie, Meadow, Perennial border, Deep containers; Seed heads are ornamental after blooms
 

Allium cyathophorum v farreri (Nodding Onion)   Eurasian

Description: H30 W30cm (clumps); dark pinky-purple nodding umbels; summer
Natural Habitat: Full sun, well-drained areas with dry to moist soils
Where to Use: Rock garden,  Perennial border, Deep containers

Allium flavum ssp tauricum   Eurasian

Description: H25 W25cm (clumps); yellow, pink, tan, mauve; Summer
Habitat: Full sun, well-drained areas with dry to average soils
Where to Use: Rock garden,  Perennial border; Attracts bees with large amounts of nectar - self sows
 

Allium nutans hybrids  Eurasian

Description: H50 W50cm (clumps); mauve balls; August
Habitat: Full sun, well-drained areas with dry to average soils
Where to Use: Rock garden,  Perennial border; Attract bees with large amounts of nectar
 

Allium schoenoprasum (Chives) Naturailzed in ON

Description: H40cm, W30cm (clumps); purple/pink blooms in June
Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Vegetable garden, perennial border, containers
Edible leaves and flowers; to propagate, divided clumps or let flowers go to seed.
 

 Allium tricoccum (Wild Leek)     100 Mile  (not available spring 2017)

Description: H20cm, Bulbs spread in clumps; leaves emerge in very early spring and die back as early summer white flowers bloom
Where to Use: Shade/Deep shade, woodland garden
 

Amsonia tabernaemontana (Bluestar) EAST N.A.

Description: H90cm, W90cm; light blue; spring
Natural Habitat: Thickets; range of soils
Where to Use: Part shade/sun (with moisture); Woodland edge, Perennial border, Background for later flowers (foliage resembles a shrub and turns yellow in autumn); mulch in summer
 

 Andropogon gerardii (Big Bluestem) 100 Mile

Description: H90-130cm, W90-120cm; Grass - dark green in summer turning tan/red/orange in autumn with silvery seed heads.
Natural Habitat: Full sun; well drained Prairie soils
Where to Use: Prairie, Perennial border, Mass grouping in clumps
 

Anemone canadensis (Canada Anemone)     100 Mile 

Description: H40cm, spreading mat; White; spring
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Meadows, moist clearings, river banks and lake shores; can form large colonies
Where to Use: Ground cover in naturalized sites, stabilizing ditches, woodland edge; can be an aggressive spreader in good soils so avoid in perennial beds (Photo credit:  Stefan Bloodworth)
   Anemone caroliniana (Carolina Anemone)  Midwest USA 
Description: H30cm, White flowers in early spring.  The plants form clumps.  Native to the midwestern prairies in dry/well-drained soils. 
 
Where to Use: Sun; Rock garden, Prairie garden with well-drained sandy/rocky soil.  Hardy to Zone 4
    Anemone multifida (Cutleaf Anemone) Western N.A.

Description: H50cm, W30cm; pink/white; spring

Where to Use: Sun/Part sun; Rock garden, Meadow garden, Perennial border.  Hardy to Zone 3

 

Anemone virginiana (Thimbleweed) 100 Mile    

Description: H80cm, W30cm; greenish white flowers followed by showy seed heads; summer
Natural Habitat: Full/Part sun, Moist meadows, Woodland edges, Clearings
Where to Use: Meadow, Prairie, Naturalized areas
 

Antennaria - miniature species   (Pussytoes) W. North America

(A. meadia,  A. umbrinella, etc.)
Description: H5-10cm, Flat spreading mat of gray-green wooly foliage with white or pink  flowers on short stalks in spring.   Native to open and alpine of North America.  
Where to Use: Sun; Rock garden or Troughs with well-drained sandy/rocky soil.  Hardy to Zone 4 
   Antennaria neglecta (Field Pussytoes)     100 Mile
Description: 15-25cm; white blooms spring; fluffy seed heads; gray-green rosette of leaves
Natural Habitat: Forms patches in fields and meadows; adaptable to a wide range of soils
Where to Use: Rock gardens, short-grass meadows, poor soils
   Apios americana (Groundnut) 100 Mile 
Description: Vigorous perennial vine; dark pink, fragrant; summer
Natural Habitat: Part sun; rich soils
Where to Use: Naturalizing in thickets, can be aggressive formal gardens; produces edible tubers 
   Aquilegia canadensis (Canada Columbine) 100 Mile 
Description: H30-60cm, W30cm; yellow and red; late spring
Natural Habitat: Part sun; well drained soils, rocky woods and outcrops (often limestone)
Where to Use: Rock gardens, Perennial border, Shade garden; Adaptable to many settings
 

Aralia nudicaulis (Wild Sarsaparilla) 100 Mile    

Description: H40cm, W30cm; white umbels followed by a cluster of purple/black berries; late spring
Natural Habitat: Part/full shade, woodland soils (moist to dry)
Where to Use: Woodland, shade garden, under trees ? will tolerate dry shade and can form a tall ground cover
 

Aralia racemosa (Spikenard) 100 Mile      

Description: H90-180cm, W90cm; long, white clusters producing purple/red berries; summer
Natural Habitat: Shade; Moist woodland soil
Where to Use: Shrub border, Woodland, Perennial border (with some shade); Large leaves and coloured fruit create a bold, dramatic effect.

ARISAEMA (Jack-in-the pulpit)

Woodland plants growing from tubers with a striped inflorescence.  We grow a variety of species from seed. Our ARISAEMA PAGE lists which tubers are currently available.  Tubers can be mailed spring or fall.  Plants are available at the nursery year round. For growing information, check here.

       

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit) 100 Mile  

Description: H30-90cm, W40cm; green/purple striped hoods followed by red cluster of berries; spring
Natural Habitat: Shade; Moist woodland soil
Where to Use: Woodland, Shade/Part shade garden, Specimen plant

Asarum canadense (Wild Ginger) 100 Mile    

Description: H20cm, W40cm; purplish brown; early spring
Natural Habitat: Shade; Moist, woodland soils
Where to Use: Woodland, Shade gardens, Ground cover; Very attractive heart-shaped foliage
 

Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed) 100 Mile  

Description: H60-120cm. W60cm; fuchsia pink; summer

Natural Habitat: Full/part sun; Wet meadows, edges of streams, marshes
Where to Use: Wet meadows, Beside water gardens, Perennial border (if not too dry); Very showy in bloom; Clumps and not invasive  - may self sow on wet soil); larval plant for Monarch butterflies

Asclepius tuberosa (Butterfly Weed) 100 Mile    (Seedlings available starting mid-June)

Description: H30-60cm, W60cm; bright orange; summer
Natural Habitat: Sun; Well drained soils; Dry meadows, Woodland edges, Prairie
Where to Use: Meadows, Prairie, Perennial Border; Sandy but well drained soils; Attracts butterflies (larval plant for Monarch butterflies)    

Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed) 100 Mile (best grown from seeds available in spring)

DescriptionH80-150cm. W60cm; light pink; summer
Natural Habitat: Full/part sun; Meadows, fields
Where to Use: Naturalized areas only - too aggressive for gardens; Very showy in bloom; fragrant; larval plant for Monarch butterfly

Aster cordifolius =Syphyotrichum cordifolium (Heart-leaved Aster) 100 Mile             

Description: H60-090cm, W40cm; blue violet, late summer
Natural Habitat: Part shade; Range of soils with moisture; Meadow edges, Woodland
Where to Use: Woodland edge, Perennial border; Good background for late summer; Deadhead to avoid excessive seeding

Aster ericoides =Symphyotrichum ericoides (Heath Aster)  100 Mile   

  Description: H60-90cm, W60cm, small white flowers in long clusters, late summer
Natural Habitat:  Sun/Part sun; Fields, Meadows, Woodland edges, Average soils
Where to Use:  Borders, Meadows, Naturalized areas 

Aster laevis =Symphyotrichum laeve (Smooth Aster)  100 Mile    

Description: H60-80cm, W30cm), smooth leaves, violet flowers, late summer
Natural Habitat:   Sun/Part shade; Edge of woods, dry fields, meadows in average soils
Where to Use:  Borders, Meadows, Woodland edge.  Drought resistant.  Attracts butterflies.

Aster lanceolatus =Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (White Panicled Aster)  100 Mile    

Description: H80-150cm, W90cm), sprays of white flowers, late summer
Natural Habitat:   Sun/Part shade; moist fields, meadows in average soils
Where to Use:  Borders, Meadows.  Attracts butterflies
"Panicled Aster DSC 0053" by Daniel Gross - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Panicled_Aster_DSC_0053.JPG#/media/File:Panicled_Aster_DSC_0053.JPG

Aster novae-angliae  =Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England Aster) 100 Mile    

Description: H90-150cm, W40cm; purple (pink, white); late summer/autumn
Natural Habitat: Full sun; Fields, Moist Meadows, Wetland and Woodland edges
Where to Use: Meadows, Prairies, Perennial border, Naturalized areas

Aster ptarmicoides  =Oligoneuron album (Upland White Aster)  100 Mile   

Description: H30-40cm, W30cm; white; summer
Natural Habitat:  Sun, Rocky, sandy slopes and hillsides in dry soils
Where to Use:   Rock garden, hillsides, rocky naturalized areas

Aster puniceus (Swamp Aster) 100 Mile    

Description: H90-150cm, W40cm; violet, purple hairy stems; summer/autumn
Natural Habitat: Full sun; Fields, Moist Meadows, Wetland and Woodland edges
Where to Use: Moist Meadows, Wetland edge, Shorelines, Naturalized areas

Aster umbellatus  =Doellingeria umbellata (Flat-topped Aster)        100 Mile   

Description: H90-180cm, W90cm; white, flat clusters; summer/autumn
Natural Habitat: Sun/Part sun; Moist meadows, Wetland edges
Where to Use: Meadows, Wetland edges; Grows well with other tall plants

Aster x amethystinum =Symphyotrichum x amethystinum (Amethyst Aster) 100 Mile     

Description: H90cm, W90cm; mauve flowers in thick clusters along the stem. A natural hybrid between New England Aster and Heath Aster (seed produces variable plants - propagate favorites by division)
Natural Habitat: Sun; Fields, moist meadows, Woodland edge; autumn
Where to Use: Perennial border (back), Meadows, Naturalized areas
 

 TOP OF PAGE        PERENNIALS B-D        PERENNIALS E-J     PERENNIALS L-N     PERENNIALS O-S     PERENNIALS T-Z

TREES/SHRUBS      FERNS                      GRASSES/SEDGES